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Geologic units in Oklahoma (state in United States)

[Additional scientific data in this geographic area]

Boggy Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
TULSA- Shale, sandstone, and coal. FORT SMITH- Shale, sandstone, and coal; includes Bluejacket Sandstone Member at base. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale and sandstone, blue-gray to brown, fine- to coarse- grained, with some thin limestone lenses and a coal bed 2.5 feet thick about 400 feet above base. Thickness, 1,250 to 2,800 feet. "Bluejacket Sandstone," IPbj, at base, 8 to 12 feet thick, with 2-foot "Secor coal" 50 feet above top of Bluejacket. (Lower Franks Conglomerate) McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, brown, to blue-gray, illitic, chloritic, with many sandstones, fine- to coarse-grained, micaceous, quartzose, moderately to well-indurated, with "Secor coal" about 50 feet above base; thickness, 2,140 to 4,000 feet, increasing eastward.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; coal
sand sheet deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
sand sheet deposits
Lithology: sand; silt
Chase Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Gearyan]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Nolans Limestone- upper and lower limestone separated by shale, 40 ft thick. Odell Shale- mostly red and green shale, 40 ft. thick. Winfield Limestone (base WF)- cherty limestone with fossiliferous gray shale, 25 ft. thick. Doyle Shale- two shale members separated limestone, 70 ft. thick. Barneston Limestone (base BA)- two thick limestone members separated by thin limestone, 90 ft. thick: with Fort Riley Limestone Member( base FR)- gray to tan massive to thin bedded limestone with minor gray shale, 45 ft thick. Matfeild Shale- two varicolored shale members separated by limestone, 80 ft. thick. Wreford Limestone- two cherty limestone members separated shale, 40 ft. thick.
Lithology: shale; limestone
Arkansas Novaculite (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Silurian Devonian(?) Carboniferous Mississippian-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Chert, fine- to very fine-grained, gray, green, tan, black, white, and pink, with interbedded black to gray shale in 1-to 18-inch beds; some interbedded conglomerates and in places a basal conglomerate; upper part has been determined to be Mississippian in age and lower part to be Early Silurian, on basis of examination of palynomorphs from Potato Hills; thickness, 600 feet or more. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS SOUTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT.
Lithology: novaculite; shale; conglomerate
Kansas City Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Missourian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes: Lane Shale,Wyandotte Limestone (base WY), Liberty Memorial Shale, Iola Limestone (base I), Chanute Shale (base CH), Dewey Limestone, Nellie Bly FM, Cherryvale FM, Dennis Limestone (base DN), Galeburg Shale, Mound Valley Limestone, Ladore Shale, Swope Limestone (base SW), Elm Branch Shale, Hertha Limestone.
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone; coal
Antlers Sand or Antlers Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Antlers Sand" Sand, white to yellow, medium-grained, weakly indurated, with varicolored clays. Contains arkosic conglomerates near Arbuckle Mountains and "Baum Limestone" near Mannsville anticline. Thickness, 200 to 700 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Antlers Sandstone" Sandstone and sand, white to reddish-yellow to orange-brown to gray, fine- to coarse-grained, quartzose, crossbedded, moderately to weakly indurated, interbedded with varicolored clays and conglomerates; contains fossil wood and dinosaurs; rests unconformably upon Ouachita rocks but conformably upon DeQueen Limestone; thickness, 0 to 320 feet, thickening southeastward to 900 feet in subsurface.
Lithology: sandstone; mudstone; conglomerate; limestone
McAlester and Hartshorne Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 1 % of this area
TULSA- "McAlester and Hartshorne Formations", shale and some sandstone and coal. FORT SMITH- IPmh "McAlester" and "Hartshorne Formations" (undifferentiated), shale, sandstone, and coal.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; coal
Dornick Hills Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Series of tan shales with limestones, limestone conglomerate and sandstone. Top of "Otterville Limestone" down to base of "Lake Ardmore Sandstone;" thickness 1,800 feet. Occurs in the ARDMORE BASIN
Lithology: shale; limestone; conglomerate; sandstone
Keokuk and Reeds Spring Formations and St. Joe Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian-Early) at surface, covers 3 % of this area
TULSA- "Keokuk Formation," chert and limestone. "Reeds Spring Formation," chert and limestone. "St. Joe Group," limestone and shale. FORT SMITH- Mkr "Keokuk Formation," chert; "Reeds Spring Formation," chert and limestone; and "St. Joe 'Group,'" limestone and marlstone.
Lithology: chert; limestone; shale; carbonate
Terrace Deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene) at surface, covers 12 % of this area
WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of light-tan to gray gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash. Sand dunes are common in many places. Thickness ranges up to 150 feet and averages about 60 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Maximum thickness, about 75 feet (23 m) along major streams. TULSA- Fine gravel, sand, silt, and clay. CLINTON- Stream-laid deposits of sand, silt, clay, gravel, and volcanic ash; thickness ranges from 0 to about 120 feet. OKLAHOMA CITY- Lenticular beds of sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Thickness ranges from a few feet to about 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. FORT SMITH- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 75 feet (23 m) in Tillman County, ranging from 5 to 50 feet (2 to 15 m) elsewhere. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; thickness, about 5 to 50 feet; at various levels, as high as 160 feet above present flood plains. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; several levels 20 to 160 feet or more above present flood plains, with each level containing deposits that average 20 to 30 feet in thickness, some windblown sand on top; may include colluvial wash down sides of hills
Lithology: sand; gravel; volcanic ash
Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers 10 % of this area
WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Generally light-tan to gray. Thickness along major streams ranges up to 100 feet and probably averages 40 feet; along minor streams the thickness ranges up to 45 feet and probably averages 20 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and locally gravel. Maximum thickness ranges from 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) along major streams and from 0 to 60 feet (0 to 18 m) along minor streams. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. OKLAHOMA CITY- Sand, silt, clay, and lenticular beds of gravel. Thickness ranges from about 30 to 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. Along minor streams, thickness ranges from a few feet to about 50 feet and probably averages about 25 feet. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 50 feet (15 m) thick; Shown only along major streams and tributaries . ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces; thickness, about 25 to 100 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces about 30 feet above channels; thickness, about 50 feet along Little River and 110 feet along Red River
Lithology: alluvium
West Spring Creek and Kindblade Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
LAWTON- "West Spring Creek Formation" and "Kindblade Formation," Owk, dolomite, dolomitic sandstone, conglomerate, and limestone; thickness, approximately 2,000 feet (600 m). (Upper part of Arbuckle Group). ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, fine-grained, gradational eastward into tan fine- to coarse-grained dolomite; some tan to gray sandstone and shale; thickness, 1,875 to 3,000 feet, decreasing eastward. (Arbuckle Group) Individual Fm description not found. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite); sandstone; conglomerate; shale
Chattanooga + Fernvale + Fite + Tyner + Burgen + Cotter Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early Ordovician-Middle(?) Ordovician-Late(?) Silurian(?) Devonian(?) Carboniferous Mississippian-Early(?) Mississippian-Middle(?) Mississippian-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- "Chattanooga Formation," shale and minor sandstone. "Fernvale Formation," limestone. "Fite Formation," limestone "Tyner Formation," shale and dolomite "Burgen Sandstone," sandstone and minor dolomite and shale. "Cotter Formation," dolomite and minor sandstone.
Lithology: shale; limestone; dolostone (dolomite); sandstone
Dockum Group (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Triassic-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CIMARRON- Upper shale unit: Varicolored siltstone or claystone, conglomerate, fine-grained sandstone, and limestone. Lower sandstone unit: Varicolored, fine- to coarse-grained sandstone with some clay and interbedded shale.
Lithology: shale; siltstone; conglomerate; sandstone; limestone
Hunton Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Silurian Devonian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Marlstone, shale, and limestone, buff, ranging in age from Early Silurian to Early Devonian; thickness, 100 to 700 feet, with many unconformities Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: carbonate; shale; limestone
Vamoosa Group or Vamoosa Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
ENID- "Vamoosa Group"- Alternating layers of shale and fine- to coarse-grained sandstone, with some thin limestones. Sandstone layers are thicker, coarser grained, and more numerous southward. Group near Kansas border includes (descending): unnamed shale and sandstone (160 feet thick) at top, "Plattsmouth Limestone, "IPvap (14 to 23 feet thick), unnamed shale and sandstone (15 to 90 feet thick), "Leavenworth Limestone," IPvale (4 feet thick), unnamed shale and sandstone (170 feet thick) "Labadie Limestone," IPval (6 to 23 feet thick; may also be called "Haskell Limestone"), unnamed shale and sandstone (60 to 100 feet thick), "Bowring Limestone," IPvab (2 feet thick; may also be called "Westphalia Limestone"), unnamed shale (5 to 10 feet thick), and basal "Cheshewalla Sandstone (7 to 20 feet thick; also called "Tonganoxie Sandstone"). Total thickness about 630 feet (190 m) OKLAHOMA CITY- "Vamoosa Formation"- Alternating thin to massive layers of fine- to coarse-grained sandstone and sandy, silty shale containing some chert conglomerate in middle and lower parts of formation. Thickness ranges about 200 to about 690 feet. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Vamoosa Formation"- Shale, sandstone, and chert conglomerate; red-brown to buff fine- to coarse-grained sandstone. Subdivided into 12 members, each with coarse clastics at base overlain by shale. Thickness, about 125 to 260 feet (to 1,000 feet in subsurface), decreasing southward.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; conglomerate
Oscar Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late) at surface, covers 3 % of this area
ENID- Mainly shale with many layers of limestones that pinch out southward, where fine-grained arkosic sandstones are thicker and more numerous. Near Kansas border, sequence is (descending): "Herington Limestone" (20 feet thick) at top, "Enterprise Shale" (45 feet thick), "Winfield Limestone, "IPowi (8 feet thick), "Gage Shale" (80 feet thick), "Towanda Limestone" (3 feet thick), "Holmesville Shale" (25 feet thick), "Fort Riley Limestone," IPofr (30 feet thick) and underlying Florence Flint, IPofr (8 feet thick), "Blue Springs Shale" (60 feet thick), "Kinney Limestone" (5 feet thick), "Wymore Shale" (22 feet thick), "Wreford Limestone," IPowr (25 feet thick), "Speiser Shale" (38 feet thick), "Funston Limestone (4 feet thick), "Blue Rapids Shale" (15 feet thick), "Crouse Limestone" (6 feet thick), "Easly Creek Shale" (12 feet thick), "Bader Limestone" (5 feet thick), "Stearns Shale" (10 feet thick), "Morrill Limestone" (2 feet thick), "Florena Shale" (6 feet thick), "Cottonwood Limestone," IPoc (3 feet thick), "Eskridge Shale" (6 feet thick), and "Neva Limestone" (25 feet thick) at base. Total thickness, about 400 feet. OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown to gray shale and orange-brown fine-grained, crossbedded sandstone; grades southward into arkosic sandstone and conglomerate. Includes "Herington Limestone" at top inPayne County, "Neva Limestone" (0.2 to 1.2 feet thick) at basein Lincoln County, and "Hart Limestone" (4 to 10 feet thick)at base in Pottawatomie County. In Payne County, includesthin stringers of "Winfield Limestone," IPowi (75 feet belowtop), "Fort Riley Limestone," IPofr (245 feet below top),"Wreford Limestone," IPowr (345 feet below top), and"Cottonwood Limestone," IPoc (525 feet below top). Thickness ranges from 300 feet in south to 600 feet in north. LAWTON- Shale, sandstone, and arkose, 300 to 500 feet (90 to 150 m) thick, base covered. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, red-brown to gray, with arkosic sandstones and limestone conglomerates near Arbuckle Mountains; "Hart Limestone" at base; thickness, 300 to 500 feet, decreasing southeastward. (Pontotoc Group)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Lower part of Arbuckle Group and Timbered Hills Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Furongian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
LAWTON- Limestone, dolomite, siltstone, sandstone, conglomerate, and shale, with glauconitic and hematitic zones; thickness, 1,200 to 2,000 feet (370 to 600 m), faulted in isolated areas. Lower part of "Arbuckle Group" includes "Signal Mountain Formation, Royer Dolomite," and "Fort Sill Limestone; Timbered Hills Group" includes "Honey Creek Formation" and "Reagan Sandstone."
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite); siltstone; sandstone; conglomerate; shale
Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
unconsolidated sand, silt, clay, and gravel
Lithology: gravel; sand; silt; clay or mud
Salt Plains Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area
WOODWARD- Orange-brown fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, with a greenish-gray sandstone in middle 30 feet ("Crisfield Sandstone Member") unmapped. Thickness ranges up to 160 feet. ENID- Mainly red-brown shale with several thin beds of orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone. Thickness about 160 feet (50 m). (Hennessey Group) OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown blocky shale orange-brown siltstone, grades southward into Pp "Purcell Sandstone" in Norman area. Thickness, 200 feet. (Hennessey Group)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone
Fort Scott Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
TULSA- Limestone and shale. (Mapped with the Labette Formation south of Bird Creek inTulsa County)
Lithology: limestone; shale
Blaine Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Guadalupe]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Blaine Formation
Lithology: mudstone; evaporite; dolostone (dolomite); sandstone
Goddard Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- 1. Mainly shale, gray, limonitic; thickness, 3,600 feet in Ardmore Basin, 240-450 feet on Lawrence uplift. In places includes "Rod Club" and "Overbrook Sandstones" and "Union Valley Formation-Wapanucka" shale. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS 2. Shale, gray, limonitic; estimated thickness, 500 feet, but may be 2,500 Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, gray to black, with some sandstones and ironstone concretions; thickness, 500 feet or more. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS NORTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Lenapah Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- Limestone and shale. (Map unit only in Nowata County)
Lithology: limestone; shale
Garber Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 5 % of this area
ENID- Mostly orange-brown, fine- to medium-grained quartzose sandstone and conglomerate, grading northward into shale and calcitic siltstone. Thickness, about 600 feet (180 m). (Sumner Group) OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly orange-brown to red-brown fine-grained sandstone, irregularly bedded with red-brown shale and some chert and mudstone conglomerate. Thickness ranges from 150 feet in south to 400 feet or more in north. (Sumner Group) LAWTON- "Garber Sandstone," Pg, reddish-brown, fine-grained sandstone and mudstone conglomerate, 160 to 210 feet (49 to 64 m) thick, containing a basal sandstone, the "Asphaltum Sandstone Bed," about 10 to 60 feet (3 to 18 m) thick.(Sumner Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, red-brown, fine- to coarse-grained; thickness, about 110 to 150 feet, including Fairmont Shale west of Elmore City, Garvin County
Lithology: sandstone; conglomerate; shale; siltstone; chert
Morrison, Ralston Creek, and Entrada (or Exeter) Fms (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Lithology: mudstone; sandstone
Lewisville Member of Woodbine Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- mostly shale and weakly indurated sandstone, about 75 feet thick.
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Clear Fork Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Leonard]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Clear Fork Group
Lithology: mudstone; sandstone; dolostone (dolomite); siltstone; evaporite
Bromide + Tulip Creek and McLish Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Middle) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, buff; shale, grayish-green; and sandstone, brown to white, fine- to medium-grained: approximate sequence of rocks in each formation, from top to bottom. Thickness, 750 to 1,400 feet, thinning eastward. (Simpson Group) Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone
Terrace deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Terrace deposits
Lithology: terrace; sand; gravel; silt; clay or mud
Duncan Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 1 % of this area
CLINTON- "Duncan Sandstone," Pd, light-gray and reddish-brown, cross-bedded, fine-grained sandstone and mudstone conglomerate with some interbedded yellowish-gray and reddish-brown shales; thickness, about 200 feet; gradational into the Cedar Hills Sandstone northward and into the Flowerpot Shale northward and westward. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly red-brown to orange-brown fine-grained sandstone, with some mudstone conglomerate and shale; grades northward into "Cedar Hills Sandstone" and "Chickasha Formation". Thickness, 450 feet near Chickasha, 300 feet near Oklahoma City, and 100 feet or more near Okarche. (El Reno Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, white to buff, fine- to coarse-grained, moderately indurated, with interbedded mudstone conglomerates and siltstones; thickness, 100 to 400 feet, decreasing southeastward. (El Reno Group)
Lithology: sandstone; conglomerate; shale; siltstone
alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
alluvium
Lithology: sand; silt; clay or mud; gravel
Cloud Chief Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
WOODWARD- Red-brown and greenish-gray shale and siltstone with some orange-brown fine-grained sandstone and siltstone. At base are two or more thin, pink to maroon to greenish-gray dolomite beds and (or) gypsum beds ("Moccasin Creek Bed") eroding into a mappable escarpment. About 25 feet above the base is a white to light-gray dolomite ("Day Creek Bed") not mapped. Thickness ranges up to 160 feet, with top eroded in many places. CLINTON- Reddish-brown to orange-brown shale, interbedded with siltstone and sandstone in the middle part and some dolomite and much gypsum in lower part; thickness about 400 feet, thinning northward to about 175 feet. The "Moccasin Creek Gypsum Member" is at the base. LAWTON- Represented in this area by the "Moccasin Creek Gypsum Member," which is about 30 feet (9 m) thick.
Lithology: shale; siltstone; sandstone; dolostone (dolomite); evaporite
Upper part of Arbuckle Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
LAWTON- Predominantly limestone and dolomite, 4,000 feet (1,200 m) thick, faulted in isolated areas. "Upper part of Arbuckle Group undifferentiated," Oua, faulted in isolated areas north of Lawton.
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite)
Calvin Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- Medium-grained, thin-bedded to massive sandstone nd silty shale. Thickness ranges from 230 to about 440 feet. FORT SMITH- Shale and sandstone ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, brown, medium-grained, with some gray shale; thickness, 40 to 320 feet, thinner southward.
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Grayson Marl and Bennington Limestone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Grayson Marl," marl, olive-gray, weakly indurated; thickness, about 25 feet. "Bennington Limestone" at base is moderately indurated, medium bedded; thickness, about 10 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Grayson Marl," olive-gray, weakly indurated; with Texigryphaea roemeri;" thickness, about 25 feet. "Bennington Limestone" at base, limestone, gray to gray-brown, sandy, fossiliferous, overlapped eastward by Woodbine; thickness, 6 to 18 feet.
Lithology: carbonate; limestone
Savanna Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 1 % of this area
TULSA- "Savanna Formation," shale and thin sandstone, limestone, and coal. FORT SMITH- IPsa "Savanna Formation," shale, sandstone, and coal ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone and shale, gray to brown, fine- to coarse- grained, cherty, with several thin coal seams near middle; thickness, 1,120 to 1,600 feet (Lower Franks Conglomerate) McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, tan to brown, illitic, chloritic, and sandstone, fine-to coarse-grained, micaceous, quartzose, with several thin coal seams in middle, one of which is "Cavanal coal;" thickness, 1,470 to 2,000 feet, increasing eastward.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; coal
Vanoss Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
ENID- Alternating layers of limestone and shale to north, grading southward into limestone, shale, and fine-grained arkosic sandstone. Locally group contains thin coal seams. Near Kansas border, group includes (descending): "Salem Point Shale" (12 feet thick) at top, underlain by "Burr Limestone" (8 feet thick), "Legion Shale" (4 feet thick), "Sallyards Limestone" (3 feet thick), "Roca Shale" (15 feet thick), "Red Eagle Limestone," IPvre (20 feet thick), "Johnson Shale" (35 feet thick), "Long Creek Limestone," IPvlc (10 feet thick), unnamed shale (3 feet thick), "Hughes Creek Limestone (15 feet thick), unnamed shale (12 feet thick), "Americus Limestone, "IPvam, (12 feet thick), "Oaks Shale" (3 feet thick), "Houchen Creek Limestone (8 feet thick), "Stine Shale" (20 feet thick), "Five Point Limestone" (3 feet thick), unnamed shale (12 feet thick), "Brownville Limestone, IPvb (8 feet thick), "Pony Creek Shale" (40 feet thick), "Grayhorse Limestone," IPvg (5 feet thick), unnamed shale (12 feet thick), "Nebraska City Limestone" (5 feet thick), "French Creek Shale" (12 feet thick), "Jim Creek Limestone" (3 feet thick), "Friedrich Shale" (30 feet thick), "Grandhaven Limestone" (2 feet thick), "Dry Shale" (25 feet thick), "Dover Limestone" (30 feet thick), "Willard-Langdon Shale" (110 feet thick), "Elmont Limestone," IPve (10 feet thick), "Stonebreaker Shale" (20 feet thick), and "Reading Limestone" (20 feet thick) at base. Total thickness, about 500 feet (150 m). OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown to gray shale and orange-brown fine-grained, crossbedded sandstone; grades southward into arkosic sandstoneand conglomerate. Includes many thin limestone beds and shale units north of North Canadian River (descending): "Roca Shale"(75 feet thick), "Red Eagle Limestone," IPvre (3 to 8 feetthick), "Johnson Shale" (60 feet thick), "Long Creek Limestone," IPvlc (9 to 12 feet thick), "Hughes Creek Shale" (52 feet thick), "Americus Limestone," IPva (1.0 to 2.5 feetthick), "Admire Shale" (70 feet thick), "BrownvilleLimestone," IPvb (1 to 3 feet thick), "Pony Creek Shale" (75 feet thick), "Grayhorse Limestone," IPvg (1 foot thick), unnamed shale (70 feet thick), "Elmont Limestone," IPve (1.2to 7.8 feet thick), "Stonebreaker Shale" (60 feet thick), and"Reading Limestone" (1.5 feet thick), at base. Totalthickness of group ranges from 250 feet in south to 490 feet in north. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, maroon, arkose, and limestone conglomerate; thickness, 250 to 900 feet (subsurface), decreasing southward. (Pontotoc Group)
Lithology: shale; limestone; sandstone; conglomerate; coal
Cool Creek and McKenzie Hill Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
LAWTON- "Cool Creek Formation" and "McKenzie Hill Formation," Ocm, limestone and conglomerate with abundant quartz sand and cherty zones; thickness, approximately 2,000 feet (600 m). (Upper part of Arbuckle Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, fine-grained, cherty, gradational eastward into dolomites and sandstones; thickness, 1,500 to 2,300 feet, decreasing eastward. (Arbuckle Group) Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite); sandstone; conglomerate
Holdenville Formation or Holdenville Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- "Holdenville Shale"- Mainly clay shale with some interbedded fine-grained calcareous sandstone locally containing beds of crystalline limestone. Thickness ranges from 100 to 280 feet. FORT SMITH- "Holdenville Shale"- Shale, thin sandstone and minor limestones. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Holdenville Formation"- Shale, blue-gray, with light-brown sandstones and chert conglomerates and 2 prominent limestones--the upper, or "Sasakwa Limestone," white, fine-grained, 1 to 15 feet thick, 35 feet below the top, and the lower, or "Homer Limestone," dark-brown, sandy, 2 to 10 feet thick, 40 to 70 feet below the Sasakwa. Thickness, 210 to 260 feet. (Upper Franks Conglomerate)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; conglomerate; limestone
Goodland Limestone and Walnut Clay (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Goodland Limestone," limestone, gray, dense, nodular to massive; thickness, 20 to 30 feet. At base is "Walnut Clay," tan clay, about 4 feet thick. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Limestone, white, fine crystalline, massive-bedded, with "Texigryphaea mucronata;" some argillaceous buff beds in lower few feet may be "Walnut Clay" equivalents; erodes into a mappable escarpment; thickness, 26 to 55 feet.
Lithology: limestone; mudstone
Woodford Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Devonian-Late Carboniferous Mississippian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale and chert, black, fissile, with phosphatic nodules and some greenish-gray silty shale; at base is reddish-brown shale; rests on Pine Top Chert in Northeast quarter of section 5 of Township 2 North, Range 15 East; thickness, 67 feet at Pine Top. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS NORTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT.
Lithology: shale; chert
Torpedo Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- Thin-bedded to massive medium-grained sandstone and shale
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Missouri Mountain Shale and Blaylock Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Silurian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Missouri Mountain Shale," shale, black to gray-green to red; thickness, 100 feet; underlain by sandstone, several feet thick, correlated as "Blaylock." Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Kiowa Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
WOODWARD- Gray and yellow shale and limestone, with many "Texigryphaea" shells locally. At base is 5 to 10 feet of greenish-gray sandstone in places. Thickness ranges up to 140 feet with top eroded. CLINTON- Outliers of the "Kiowa Formation," Kk, dark-gray shale with some thin beds of fossiliferous tan limestone, range in thickness from a few feet to about 20 feet. Associated in some places is a 5- to 10-foot, gray to brown, coarse-grained sandstone and conglomerate assigned to the overlying "Dakota Group," Kd, (lower sandstone part).
Lithology: shale; limestone; sandstone; conglomerate
Deese Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Member of Glenn Fm, mainly massive sandstone, conglomerate and shale. Base of "Confederate Limestone" down to top of "Otterville Limestone;" thickness, 9,700 feet. Occurs in the ARDMORE BASIN
Lithology: sandstone; conglomerate; shale; limestone
Bokchito Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Clay, illitic, kaolinitic, with some tan limestones and sandstones. Subdivided into "Pawpaw Clay" at top, 40 to 60 feet thick; "Quarry Limestone," 13 feet thick; "Weno Clay," 100 to 135 feet thick; and basal "Denton Clay," 50 to 70 feet thick.
Lithology: claystone; limestone; sandstone
Marlow Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 1 % of this area
WOODWARD- Orange-brown fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, with some interbedded red-brown shale and silty shale in upper part and some thin gypsum beds at base, about 35 feet above base, and at top. The upper two gypsum and (or) dolomite beds are generally pink to maroon and less than 1 foot thick; they may erode into mappable escarpments about 20 feet apart, being named "Emanuel Bed" at top (mapped) and "Relay Creek Bed" 15 to 20 feet below the top (not mapped). In places the basal Marlow is a greenish-gray medium-grained sandstone. In Woods and Woodward Counties, the "Doe Creek Lentil" (Pmd) is a coarse-grained calcareous sandstone with algal clumps and invertebrate fossils, ranging up to 70 feet thick from the base of the Marlow to the Relay Creek Bed, cropping out in a narrow band of high hills striking northeast. Thickness is about 120 feet, with top eroded at many places. CLINTON- "Marlow Formation," Pm, orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, about 100 to 130 feet thick, thinning northward. This formation has 2 gypsum and (or) dolomite beds in upper 20 feet--the "Emanuel Bed" (at top) and the "Relay Creek Bed" (20 feet below top). Two thin, pale shales occur; the first is 1 foot below the top ("Gracemont") and the second is 55 feet above the base (unnamed). OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly orange-brown fine-grained gypsiferous sandstone, with some red-brown shale. Contains 10 feet of calcitic sandstone lenses near middle and 2 thin dolomites (or gypsums) at top. Exposed thickness, about 50 feet (top 50 to 75 feet eroded). (Whitehorse Group) LAWTON- "Marlow Formation," Pm, very fine-grained sandstone with some silty shale; thickness, about 90 to 130 feet (27 to 40 m); contains 2 thin gypsum and (or) dolomite beds in upper 20 feet (6 m)-the "Emanuel Bed" (at top) and the "Relay Creek Bed" (20 feet below top). (Whitehorse Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, orange-brown, fine- to medium-grained, moderately indurated, with "Verden Sandstone Lentil," Pmv, 10 feet thick near middle, and "Relay Creek" and "Emanuel" dolomite and gypsum beds at top; thickness, 105 to 135 feet. (Whitehorse Group)
Lithology: sandstone; siltstone; shale; evaporite; dolostone (dolomite)
Doxey Formation or Doxey Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area
WOODWARD- "Doxey Formation"- Red brown shale and siltstone, with greenish-gray calcareous siltstone at base. Exposed thickness is 30 feet, with top eroded. CLINTON- "Doxey Shale"- Reddish-brown, silty shale and siltstone; thickness, about 190 feet.
Lithology: shale; siltstone
Ogallala Formation (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Tertiary | Pliocene) at surface, covers 6 % of this area
CIMARRON- Generally semiconsolidated clay, silt, sand, gravel, and caliche 0 to 400 feet thick. BEAVER- Interbedded sand, siltstone, clay, gravel lenses, and thin limestone. Caliche common near surface but occurrence is not limited to the surface. Caliche accounts for most of the white color in the Ogallala. Other colors generally light tan or buff but locally may be pastel shades of almost any color. The Laverne and Rexroad Formations of Pliocene age and the Meade Group and Odee (of local usage) and other formations of Pleistocene age occur locally and are included with the Ogallala Formation, 0-700 feet thick. WOODWARD- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, caliche, and limestone, locally cemented with calcium carbonate. Generally light-tan to gray to white. Thickness ranges up to 400 feet and probably averages 150 feet. CLINTON- Gray to light-brown, fine- to medium-grained sand with some, clay, silt, gravel, volcanic ash, and caliche beds; locally cemented by calcium carbonate. Thickness ranges from 0 to about 320 feet. The formation thins eastward.
Lithology: sand; siltstone; clay or mud; gravel; limestone; volcanic ash
Shawnee Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late [Virgilian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes: Topeka Limestone, Calhoun Shale, Deer Creek Limestone (base DC), Tecumseh Shale, Lecompton Limestone (base LC), Kanwaka Shale, Oread Limestone with Plattsmouth Limestone Member (base PL).
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone
Stuart Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly laminated clay shale and minor amounts of silty sandstone. Thickness ranges from 80 to 180 feet. FORT SMITH- Shale and minor sandstone. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, blue to dark-gray, with some fine- to medium-grained brown sandstones; thickness, 80 to 300 feet, decreasing southwestward. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, blue to dark-gray, with some fine- to medium-grained sandstones; top eroded; lower 20 feet exposed.
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Dakota Group (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CLINTON- Outliers of the "Kiowa Formation," Kk, dark-gray shale with some thin beds of fossiliferous tan limestone, range in thickness from a few feet to about 20 feet. Associated in some places is a 5- to 10-foot, gray to brown, coarse-grained sandstone and conglomerate assigned to the overlying "Dakota Group," Kd, (lower sandstone part).
Lithology: shale; limestone; sandstone; conglomerate
Sycamore and Welden Limestones (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, blue-gray to tan, silty, fine-grained; thickness, 2 to 370 feet, decreasing northeastward. Mapped separately in northeastern Arbuckle Mountains and Mannsville anticline; mapped elsewhere with underlying Woodford Shale. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone
Vamoosa + Tallant + Barnsdall Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- "Vamoosa Formation," shale, sandstone, siltstone, and thin limestone. "Tallant Formation," shale, sandstone, and thin limestone. "Barnsdall Formation," shale, siltstone, sandstone, and thin limestone
Lithology: shale; siltstone; sandstone; limestone
Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
unconsolidated sand, silt, clay, and gravel
Lithology: gravel; sand; silt; clay or mud
Stanley Group or Stanley Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian) at surface, covers 1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Stanley Shale"- Shale, dark-gray, siliceous,with some gray to buff fine-grained sandstones; thickness,10,000 feet Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Stanley Group"- Shale, olive-green to gray, illitic, chloritic, with many5- to 30-foot-thick beds of poorly sorted, micaceous, quartzose sandstones and some thin siliceous cherty beds and black shales; several tuff beds occur in basal 1,000 feet and are indicated by red line in Stanley exposures as designated on map; many asphaltite, lead, and quartz veins occur along fault zones; mostly Chesterian age; thickness, 7,500 to 14,000 feet or more. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS SOUTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT
Lithology: shale; sandstone; chert; tuff
Chickasha Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area
WOODWARD- The "Chickasha Formation" member of Flower Pot Shale (Pc) is a deltaic tongue of red-brown to greenish-gray to orange-brown cross-bedded mudstone conglomerate, siltstone, shale, and fine-grained sandstone, about 30 feet thick, in the middle of the Flowerpot Shale, pinching out northward. CLINTON- "Chickasha Formation," Pc, reddish-brown to maroon mudstone conglomerate with some shale, silstone, and fine- to coarse-grained sandstone; thickness, about 600 feet; gradational northward and westward into the Flowerpot Shale and the Blaine Formation and westward into Dog Creek Shale. OKLAHOMA CITY-Variegated mudstone conglomerate and red-brown to orange- brown silty shale and siltstone, with minor amounts of orange-brown fine-grained sandstone; upper part grades northward into "Dog Creek Shale", "Blaine Formation", "Flowerpot Shale", and upper part of "Cedar Hills Sandstone"; lower part grades into "Duncan Sandstone". Thickness, about 100 feet near Chickasha and 300 feet near Okarche. (El Reno Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Mudstone conglomerate, siltstone, and sandstone, red-brown; thickness, 100 to 200 feet, decreasing southeastward. (El Reno Group)
Lithology: conglomerate; shale; siltstone; sandstone
Union Valley Formation (with sandstone) (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray, fine- to medium-grained, IPul, 12 to 25 feet thick; with sandstone, IPus, below, fine- to medium-grained, about 150 to 260 feet thick. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; sandstone
Dog Creek Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 1 % of this area
WOODWARD- Red-brown shale and silty shale, with gypsum, dolomite, and orange-brown sandstone. In upper part are many thin,dense light-gray dolomite beds, the basal one of which is named "Southard Bed" (unmapped); in lower part is much satin-spar gypsum with a greenish-gray dolomite at top termed "Watonga Bed" (unmapped). Thickness ranges from 30 feet or less at Kansas border to 100 feet in southern part of area. CLINTON- "Dog Creek Shale," Pdc, reddish-brown shale with thin beds of siltstone and dolomite; thickness, about 220 feet; gradational eastward into the Chickasha Formation. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly red-brown silty shale and some fine-grained sandstone. Contains one or two layers of thin dolomite (or gypsum) in lower part; basal part grades southward into "Chickasha Formation". Thickness averages about 200 feet. (El Reno Group) LAWTON- "Dog Creek Shale," Pdc, reddish-brown silty shale, 85 to 190 feet (26 to 58 m) thick. (El Reno Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, red-brown, blocky, silty, weakly indurated, gradational southward into "Chickasha Formation;" thickness, 0 to about 130 feet. (El Reno Group)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone; dolostone (dolomite); evaporite
Woodford Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Devonian-Late) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, black, fissile, cherty; thickness, 160 to 560 feet, increasing southward. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: shale
Senora Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
TULSA- Shale with thin and lenticular sandstone, minor limestone, and coal. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly fine-grained micaceous sandstone and shale locally containing coal beds. Thickness ranges from about 500 to 950 feet. FORT SMITH- Shale, sandstone, and thin coal seams. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, gray, and light-brown medium-grained sandstone; thickness, 150 to 500 feet, decreasing southwestward. Subdivided into lower sandstone, 350 feet thick, and upper shale, 150 feet thick.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; limestone; coal
Ada Group or Ada Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late) at surface, covers 1.0 % of this area
ENID- "Ada Group"- Mainly shale with many limestone layers that are thinner and pinch out southward, where fine-grained sandstones are thicker and more numerous. Near Kansas border, group includes (descending): "Auburn shale" (50 feet thick) at top, underlain by "Wakarusa Limestone," IPaw (2 feet thick), unnamed shale (40 feet thick), "Rulo Limestone" (3 feet thick), unnamed shale (18 feet thick), "Happy Hollow Limestone" (2 feet thick), unnamed shale and sandstone (60 feet thick), "Bird Creek Limestone," IPab (2 feet thick; called "Church Limestone" in Kansas), "Severy-Aarde Shale" (70 feet thick), "Turkey Run Limestone," IPat (2 feet thick; called "Coal Creek Limestone" in Kansas), unnamed shale (30 feet thick), "Pearsonia Limestone" (3 feet thick), unnamed shale (15 feet thick), "Little Hominy Limestone" (22 feet thick), "Deer Creek Limestone (15 feet thick), unnamed shale (10 feet thick), "Plummer Limestone" (2 feet thick), unnamed shale (35 feet thick), and "Beil Limestone Member" (10 feet thick) of "Lecompton Limestone" at base. Total thickness, about 400 feet (120 m). OKLAHOMA CITY- "Ada Group"- Mostly orange-brown fine-grained sandstone and red-brown to gray shale; grades southward into chert conglomerates. Includes the following thin limestone beds and shale units north of North Canadian River (descending): "Auburn Shale" (80 feet thick), "Wakarusa Limestone," IPaw (1 to 6 feet thick), unnamed shale (95 feet thick), "Bird Creek Limestone," IPab (1 to 9 feet thick), "Severy-Aarde Shale" (45 feet thick), "Turkey Run Limestone," IPat (1 foot thick), unnamed shale (45 feet thick), and "Lecompton Limestone" (1.5 to 10 feet thick), at base. Total thickness of group ranges from 100 feet in south to 280 feet in north. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Ada Formation"- (= Collings Ranch Conglomerate) Shale, red-brown to gray, bituminous sandstone, and limestone conglomerate; thickness, 100 to 1,400 feet (subsurface), decreasing southward.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; conglomerate
Thurman Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly medium-grained, silty sandstone with cherty conglomerate at base. Only a few feet exposed in quadrangle. FORT SMITH- Sandstone and shale. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, brown, fine- to coarse-grained, with some gray shale and basal 50-foot chert conglomerate; thickness, 80 to 250 feet, decreasing southwestward. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sandstone, brown, fine- to coarse-grained, with some gray shale and a basal 50-foot chert conglomerate; grades northward into Boggy Formation; top eroded at many places; thickness, 200 feet.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; conglomerate
Bison Formation or Bison Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area
WOODWARD- "Bison Formation"- Mostly orange-brown to greenish-gray fine-grained sandstone. Thickness ranges up to 120 feet. ENID- "Bison Formation"-Mainly red-brown shale and greenish-gray and orange-brown calcitic siltstone with minor sandstone in Garfield County. Thickness, about 120 feet (35 m). (Hennessey Group) CLINTON- "Bison Formation," Pbi, is exposed as orange-brown and greenish-gray, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone. The Bison is gradational southward into reddish-brown shale; it thins southward and is about 120 feet thick. OKLAHOMA CITY- "Bison Formation"-Mostly red-brown shale; grades northward into many thin greenish-gray calcitic siltstones and some orange-brown fine-grained sandstones and siltstones. "Reeding Sandstone Bed" at base. Thickness ranges from 95 feet in south to 120 feet in north. (Hennessey Group). ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Bison Shale"-Shale, gray to red-brown, calcareous, blocky; thickness, 50 to 90 feet, decreasing southward. (Hennessey Group)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone
Nellie Bly Formation and Hogshooter Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area
ENID- "Nellie Bly Formation" consists mainly of shale with a few layers of fine- to medium-grained sandstone. Thickness ranges from 80 to 550 feet (25 to 170 m). Underlying "Hogshooter Limestone" is massive crinoidal limestone 1 to 50 feet (0.3 to 14 m) thick. OKLAHOMA CITY- "Nellie Bly Formation," mainly shale with many fine-grained sandstone beds and limestone beds locally in upper part; thickness, about 250 to about 550 feet. Underlying"Hogshooter Limestone," massive crinoidal limestone 1 to 15 feet thick.
Lithology: shale; limestone; sandstone
Womble Formation or Womble Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early Ordovician-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Womble Shale"- Shale, black to green; thickness, 250 feet, base covered. Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS. McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Womble Formation"- Sandstone, phyllites, and shales, greenish-gray to dark-gray to black, weathering red-brown; some black to brown cherty limestones occur in upper part; Middle Ordovician graptolites are found in upper part, and Lower Ordovician graptolites in lower part; basal part faulted; estimated thickness, 1,000 feet or more, with maximum thickness in Arkansas 3,500 feet. Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: sandstone; phyllite; shale; limestone
Weatherford Gypsum Bed of Rush Springs Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
CLINTON- The "Weatherford Gypsum Bed," Prw, dolomite and gypsum beds, is about 30 to 60 feet below the top (mapped in southeastern part only). LAWTON- "Weatherford Gypsum Bed," Prw, contains gypsum and dolomite and is as much as 60 feet (18 m) thick in the upper part of the Rush Springs. (Whitehorse Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Weatherford Gypsum Bed," Prw, 2 to 15 feet thick, near top of Rush Springs Formation
Lithology: evaporite; dolostone (dolomite)
Dune Sand (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
unconsolidated dune sand
Lithology: sand
Fairmont Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 1.0 % of this area
WOODWARD- Red-brown blocky shale with some greenish-gray calciti siltstones. Thickness ranges up to 160 feet. ENID- Mainly red-brown shale with many thin layers of calcitic siltstone in upper 60 feet (18 m). Thickness, about 150 feet (45 m). (Hennessey Group) OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown blocky shale; grades into "Garber Sandstone" at base. Thickness, 30 feet at Oklahoma City, 110 feet near Purcell, and 120 feet near Kingfisher. (Hennessey Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, red-brown, blocky; thickness, 40 to 80 feet, decreasing southward. (Hennessey Group)
Lithology: shale; siltstone
Upper Holdenville Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ENID- Mainly shale with interbedded fine-grained sandstone locally containing beds of limestone. Only a few feet is exposed in quadrangle
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Wellington Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 4 % of this area
ENID- Mostly red-brown shale to north, grading into fine-grained sandstone and mudstone conglomerate southward into Logan County. Thickness, about 850 feet (260 m). (Sumner Group) OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown shale and orange-brown fine-grained sandstone, containing much maroon mudstone conglomerate and chert conglomerate to south. Thickness ranges from about 150 feet in south to 500 feet in north. (Sumner Group) LAWTON- Maroon shale, about 130 feet (40 m) thick, with greenish-gray and black sandstone of the "Ryan Sandstone Bed" at base. (Sumner Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, red-brown, with several 20- to 30-foot bituminous sandstones at base ("Ryan"); thickness, about 100 to 200 feet, decreasing southeastward.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; conglomerate; chert
Hartshorne Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, gray to white, medium- to coarse-grained with interbedded middle gray shale and "Lower Hartshorne coal;" thickness, 10 to 300 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sandstone, tan to gray to white, fine- to coarse-grained, micaceous, quartzose, moderately to well-indurated, with some interbedded gray shale; "Lower Hartshorne coal" in middle and "Upper Hartshorne coal" at top; thickness, 100 to 350 feet, increasing eastward.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; coal
Kingman Formation or Kingman Siltstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
WOODWARD- "Kingman Formation"- Orange-brown to greenish-gray fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, with some red-brown shale. Thickness is about 70 feet. ENID- "Kingman Siltstone"- Mainly red-brown with several thin layers of greenish-gray and orange-brown calcitic siltstone. Thickness, about 70 feet (20 m). (Hennessey Group) OKLAHOMA CITY- "Kingman Siltstone"- Orange-brown to greenish- gray, even bedded siltstones with some fine-grain sandstone and red-brown shale; grades southward into "Purcell Sandstone". Thickness, 30 feet. (Hennessey Group)
Lithology: siltstone; sandstone; shale
Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area
CIMARRON- Clay, silt, sand, and gravel 0 to 100 feet thick. TEXAS- Sand, silt, clay, and gravel located in valleys of principal streams. Thickness not known but may exceed 100 feet in North Canadian River valley and may be 50 to 100 feet in lower parts of valleys of Coldwater and Palo Duro Creeks BEAVER - Sand, gravel, silt, and clay in discontinuous lenses along courses of larger streams. 0-50 feet thick
Lithology: alluvium
Seminole Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area
TULSA- Shale, sandstone, and thin coal beds. OKLAHOMA CITY- Chert conglomerate, shale, and fine-grained sandstone containing coal seams in upper part locally. Thickness ranges from 100 to 375 feet. FORT SMITH- Sandy shale, sandstone, and thin coal seams. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, gray-green, with buff fine-grained sandstones, chert conglomerates, and limy sandstones; thickness, about 120 feet. (Upper Franks Conglomerate)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; conglomerate; coal
Atoka Formation - Middle part (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Atokan]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Atoka Formation - Middle part
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Nippewalla Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Custerian Cimarronian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Dog Creek FM- maroon silty shale, siltstone, fine-grained feldspathic sandstone. Blaine FM- (base B) gypsum beds separated by dolomite and red shale. Flower Pot Shale -(base FL) red gypsiferous shale silty shale and minor sandstone and siltstone. Cedar Hills Sandstone- feldspathic sandstone, siltstone, and silty shale. Salt Plain FM- red flaky, silty shale and some siltstone with thick salt beds at base. Harper Sandstone with Kingman Sandstone member (base K)- red argillaceous siltstone and fine silty sandstone with a few beds of res shale and white sandstone. Stone Coral FM- dolomite, anhydrite, gypsum and salt.
Lithology: siltstone; sandstone; shale; evaporite
San Angelo Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
LAWTON- "San Angelo Sandstone," Psa, interstratified sandstone, mudstone conglomerate, and shale, as much as 80 feet (24 m) thick.
Lithology: sandstone; conglomerate; shale
Hoxbar Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Upper most member of Glenn Fm, consisting of brown limestone, white sandstone, and shale. "Zuckerman Sandstone" (top eroded) down to base of "Confederate Limestone;" thickness, 2,800 feet. Occurs in the ARDMORE BASIN
Lithology: limestone; sandstone; shale
Dune Sand (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area
CIMARRON- Fine- to medium-grained sand 0 to 40 feet thick. TEXAS- Fine to coarse windblown sand. Maximum thickness about 30 feet. BEAVER- Fine to coarse, round to sub-round, windblown sand consisting mostly of quartz grains. 0-50 feet thick
Lithology: sand
Belle City Formation or Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- "Belle City Limestone"-Consists of two fossiliferous limestone units with an intervening fossiliferous shale. Thickness ranges from 12 to 20 feet; present in southern part of area only, where it is below "Hilltop Formation". ARDMORE-SHERMAN- 'Belle City Formation"-Limestone, gray to buff, dense, in 2 beds each 2 to 3 feet thick, with interbedded dark-gray shale, 10 to 20 feet thick.
Lithology: limestone; shale
Council Grove Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Gearyan]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes: Speiser Shale, Funston Limestone, Blue Rapids Shale, Crouse Limestone (base CS), Easy Creek Shale, Bader Limestone (base BE), Stearns Shale, Beattie Limestone, Eskridge Shale, and Neva Limestone.
Lithology: limestone; shale
Sylvan Shale + Fernvale Limestone and Viola Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Middle Ordovician-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Sylvan," shale, dark-greenish-gray; thickness, 60 to 325 feet. "Fernvale" and "Viola," limestone, gray, fine- to coarse-grained; thickness, 350 to 900 feet. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; shale
Barnsdall Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
ENID- Formation is mainly fine- to medium-grained sandstone, overlain by shale. At top is a thick shale, with "Okesa Sandstone Member" in middle and "Birch Creek Limestone" (called "South Bend Limestone") at base. Birch Creek extends southward from Kansas border to Township 23 N., where limestone grades into overlying Okesa Sandstone. South of Township 23 N., Okesa grades downward into underlying "Torpedo Sandstone" and underlying Wann Formation. Total thickness ranges from 45 to 200 feet (14 to 60 m). OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly fine-grained sandstone overlain by shale; may grade northward into "Wann Formation". Thickness ranges from about 80 to 200 feet.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; limestone
Coffeyville and Checkerboard Formations or Checkerboard Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area
ENID- "Coffeyville Formation" is mainly shale interbedded with fine-to medium-grained sandstone. Locally formation contains thin coal seams. Thickness ranges from 175 to 470 feet (50 to 140 m). Underlying "Checkerboard Limestone" is crystalline limestone 2 to 15 feet (1 to 5 m) thick. TULSA- "Coffeyville Formation," shale and thin-bedded sandstone. "Checkerboard Formation," limestone and some shale. OKLAHOMA CITY- "Coffeyville Formation," mainly shale interbedded with fine- to medium-grained sandstone locally containing chert and limestone conglomerate and thin coal seams; thickness, 150 to 470 feet. Underlying "Checkerboard Limestone," crystalline limestone 2.5 to 5 feet thick.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; conglomerate; coal
Nellie Bly Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
TULSA- Shale and thin sandstone. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, siltstone, fine-grained sandstone, chert conglomerate, limestone, and limestone conglomerate, dark-gray to buff; thickness, 200 to 300 feet.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone; limestone; conglomerate
Savanna + McAlester + Hartshorne Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- "Savanna, McAlester, and Hartshorne Formations," shale and some sandstone, limestone, and coal
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; coal
Quaternary deposit, undivided (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
sand, silt, clay, and gravel. locally indurated with calcium carbonate (caliche); includes point bar, natural levee, stream channel, sand dune, terrace, alluvial fan, landslide bolson and playa deposits
Lithology: sand ; silt ; clay or mud; gravel; carbonate
Tokio Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sand, light-gray, fine- to coarse-grained, quartzose, poorly sorted, crossbedded, and gray clay shale, with many cylindrical pipe structures, petrified wood and invertebrates; same as Bonham Marl and Austin Chalk of Texas; thickness ranges from 88 to 380 feet, increasing eastward; reaches thickness of 595 feet in subsurface southeastward.
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Wewoka Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- Interbedded fine- to medium-grained sandstone and calcareous shale. Thickness ranges from 400 to 750 feet. FORT SMITH- Shale, sandstone, and minor limestones ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, blue-gray, sandstone, chert conglomerate, and limestone conglomerate; thickness, 400 feet.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; conglomerate
Tallant Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
ENID- Alternating layers of shale and fine- to medium-grained sandstone. Thickness ranges from 75 to 250 feet (23 to 75 m). OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly fine- to medium-grained sandstone 10 to 60 feet thick overlain by shale 25 to 65 feet thick. Cut out by "Vamoosa Formation" in central part of area. Total thickness ranges from 0 to 100 feet.
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Flowerpot Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
WOODWARD- Red-brown silty shale with some thin gypsum and dolomite beds in upper 50 feet and fine-grained sandstones in upper part to north. The middle and upper parts contain 50 feet or more of rock salt in the immediate subsurface, giving origin to the Ferguson Salt Plain in Blaine County and the Big and Little Salt Plains in Woods and Harper Counties on the Cimarron River. Thickness ranges from 180 feet in north part to 430 feet in south part. The "Chickasha Formation" (Pc) is a deltaic tongue of red-brown to greenish-gray to orange-brown cross-bedded mudstone conglomerate, siltstone, shale, and fine-grained sandstone, about 30 feet thick, in the middle of the Flowerpot Shale, pinching out northward. CLINTON- "Flowerpot Shale," Pf, reddish-brown shale containing several salt and gypsum beds in the upper part. Thickness, about 300 to 450 feet; gradational southward and eastward into Chickasha Formation and Duncan Sandstone. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly red-brown silty clay shale with stringers of gypsum (satin spar and selenite); grades southward into "Chickasha Formation". Thickness, 20 to 40 feet. (El Reno Group) LAWTON- "Flowerpot Shale," Pf, reddish-brown and greenish-gray shale, interbedded with greenish-gray siltstone; thickness, about 175 to 195 feet (53 to 59 m).
Lithology: shale; siltstone; dolostone (dolomite); evaporite; sandstone; conglomerate
Loess (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
eolian silts
Lithology: silt
Oil Creek and Joins Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, granular, with greenish-gray shale and brown fine- to medium-grained sandstone; thickness, 600 to 1,100 feet, decreasing eastward. (Simpson Group) Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone
Atoka Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
TULSA- IPat "Atoka Formation," shale, siltstone, sandstone, and thin limestone. FORT SMITH- IPat "Atoka Formation," shale and sandstone. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, dark-gray, and sandstone, buff to white, fine- to coarse-grained, with some chert conglomerates; thickness, 800 to 3,000 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, gray to tan, illitic, chloritic, with many sandstones, fine- to coarse-grained, quartzose, micaceous, well- to poorly sorted; "Fanshawe" and "Red Oak Sandstones" in middle and "Spiro Sandstone" at base; thickness, 3,000 to 10,000 feet, increasing southeastward in subsurface, south of growth faults.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone; limestone; conglomerate
Delaware Creek Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- 1. Shale, dark-gray to black, fissile, calcareous; thickness, 160 to 750 feet, decreasing northward. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS 2. Shale, dark-gray to black fissile; thickness 525 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, black, laminated, with limestone, siderite, and phosphatic concretions, and with greenish-gray silty glauconitic shale at base; thickness, approximately 500 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS NORTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT.
Lithology: shale
Butterfly Dolomite + Signal Mountain Limestone + Royer Dolomite and Fort Sill Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Furongian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray, fine-grained, gradational eastward into tan to pink fine- to coarse-grained dolomites; thickness, 570 to 1,600 feet, decreasing eastward. (Arbuckle Group) Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite)
Petrolia Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Wolfcamp Leonard]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Petrolia Formation
Lithology: mudstone ; sandstone; limestone
Pitkin + Fayetteville + Batesville + Hindsville + Moorefield Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian-Late) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area
TULSA- "Pitkin Formation," limestone. "Fayetteville Formation," shale and thin limestone "Batesville Formation," fine-grained sandstone "Hindsville Formation," limestone and shale "Moorefield Formation," limestone, shale, and siltstone.
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone; siltstone
Hilltop Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly shale, grading upward into massive siltstone and fine- grained sandstone; grades northward into "Barnsdall Formation", "Chanute Formation", and "Dewey Limestone". Thickness ranges from 0 to 200 feet. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, blue-gray to red-brown, with buff siltstones and fine-grained sandstones at top; thickness, about 70 feet.
Lithology: shale; siltstone; sandstone
Blaine Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area
WOODWARD- Alternating cyclic sequence of 3 or 4 massive gypsum beds with red-brown shales, generally with a named dolomite at the base of each gypsum, and a greenish-gray shale at the base of each dolomite. The named unmapped sequence is (ascending) "Cedar Springs Dolomite, Medicine Lodge Gypsum," shale, "Magpie Dolomite, Nescatunga Gypsum," shale, "Altona Dolomite, Shimer Gypsum," shale, and"Haskew Gypsum" at top. Thickness ranges up to 90 feet, with the shales being thinner northward. CLINTON- "Blaine Formation," Pb, 3 to 4 gypsum and dolomite beds, about 100 to 200 feet thick, separated by reddish-brown shale. Gradational southward and eastward into Chickasha Formation. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly thin gypsums with thin dolomites below each gypsum, interbedded with red-brown shale; grades southward into "Chickasha Formation". Thickness, 50 to 75 feet. (El Reno Group)
Lithology: evaporite; dolostone (dolomite); shale
Doe Creek Lentil of Marlow Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
WOODWARD- In Woods and Woodward Counties, the "Doe Creek Lentil" (Pmd) is a coarse-grained calcareous sandstone with algal clumps and invertebrate fossils, ranging up to 70 feet thick from the base of the Marlow to the Relay Creek Bed, cropping out in a narrow band of high hills striking northeast.
Lithology: sandstone
Coffeyville or Francis Formation (restricted) (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, dark-blue, 20 to 70 feet thick, with "DeNay Limestone," yellow, massive, 2 to 6 feet thick at base, and 20 feet or more of buff fine- to coarse-grained sandstone and chert conglomerate at top. (Upper Franks Conglomerate)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone; conglomerate
Kiowa Shale and Cheyenne Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Kiowa Shale or FM- light -gray to black illitic shale with thin coquinoidal limestone beds at the base; sandstone lenses common. Cheyenne Sandstone- massive to crossbedded, light-gray to buff fine-grained sandstone with lenses of gray sandy shale and conglomerate.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; limestone; conglomerate
Elk City Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area
CLINTON- Reddish-brown, fine-grained sandstone with minor amounts of silt and clay, weakly cemented by iron oxide, calcium carbonate, and gypsum; maximum thickness 185 feet, top eroded.
Lithology: sandstone; siltstone; mudstone
Kiamichi Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, dark-gray, plastic, with oyster-shell limestones; thickness, about 30 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, dark-gray to black, with some brown fossiliferous limestones, with "Texigryphaea navia;" thickness, 28 to 36 feet, and up to 80 feet in subsurface of southern McCurtain County.Ouachita Mountain uplift; S. OK folded belt province
Lithology: shale; limestone
Timbered Hills Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Furongian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Honey Creek Limestone," above, is gray, fine grained; grades eastward into dolomite; thickness 90 to 250 feet. "Reagan Sandstone," at base, is brown, coarse grained; thickness, 60 to 450 feet. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: sandstone; limestone; dolostone (dolomite)
Brownstown Marl (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Marl and clay, gray, calcareous, micaceous, sandy and fine-grained sand, with some interbedded chalky limestones; same as upper Austin Chalk of Texas; thickness, about 100 feet.
Lithology: carbonate; clay or mud; sand; limestone
Pleistocene and Pliocene deposits, undifferentiated (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Tertiary Quaternary | Pliocene Pleistocene) at surface, covers 3 % of this area
TEXAS- Interfingering beds, tongues, and lenses of sand, silt, clay, gravel, sandstone, caliche, limestone, conglomerate, and volcanic ash. Includes Ogallala and Laverne Formations of Pliocene age and younger deposits of Pleistocene age. Locally the units are tightly cemented by calcium carbonate; other places, they are very poorly consolidated and nearly free of cementing materials. Thickness ranges from 0 to about 800 feet.
Lithology: sand; silt; clay or mud; gravel; sandstone; limestone; conglomerate; volcanic ash
Quartermaster Formation and Whitehorse Group, undivided (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Guadalupe]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Quartermaster Formation and Whitehorse Group, undivided
Lithology: mixed clastic/carbonate; evaporite
Dune Sand (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
CLINTON- Wind-blown sand; thickness ranges from a thin Veneer to about 70 feet. LAWTON- Wind-laid sand; maximum thickness about 50 feet (15 m).
Lithology: sand
Tishomingo and Troy Granites (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Granite, pink, with much microcline and biotite; "Troy" is fine grained; "Tishomingo" is coarse grained. Estimated thickness, 10 miles. (1.3 billion years old) Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: granite
Lansing Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Missourian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Stanton Limestone- three limestone and two shales members, ranges from 15 to 130 ft. thick. Vilas Shale- sandy, carbonaceous gray shale with some sandstone and limestone locally, ranges from 5 to 120 ft. thick. Plattsburg Limestone- two limestone members separated by shale, ranging from 25 to 115 ft. thick.
Lithology: shale; limestone; sandstone
Jackfork Group or Jackfork Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Jackfork Sandstone"- Sandstone, gray, white, and tan, coarse-grained, cherty, with gray shale and some boulders up to 7 feet in diameter; thickness 1,150 to 5,000 feet Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Jackfork Group"- Sandstone, tan to gray, fine- to coarse-grained, quartzose, with some mica, poorly to well-indurated, quartzitic has some gray shale and several maroon shales; black, white-speckled "Chickasaw Creek Chert" is at base; thickness, 1,500 to 6,000 feet or more. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS SOUTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT
Lithology: sandstone; shale; chert
Eagle Ford Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Eagle Ford Formation
Lithology: shale; siltstone; limestone
Van Vacter Member of Blaine Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
LAWTON- "Van Vacter Member," Pbv, of the Blaine Formation contains 6 dolomite-gypsum-shale sequences with a total thickness of 80 to 105 feet (24 to 32 m).
Lithology: dolostone (dolomite); evaporite; shale
Wichita Granite Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
CLINTON- Pink, medium-grained granite; three outliers have been mapped in the southern part of quadrangle. LAWTON- Granites of various textures; thickness, 600 to 15,000 feet (180 to 4,570 m).
Lithology: granite
Woodbine Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sand, dark-green, yellowish-red, white, gray, fine- to coarse-grained, tuffaceous in upper part; crossbedded, quartzose, and brownish-red noncalcareous clay; some gravel lentils with little to no quartz and some lignites and fossil plants; rests unconformably upon successively older Cretaceous units eastward; thickness, 325 to 455 feet, increasing eastward.
Lithology: sandstone; clay or mud; gravel; coal
McAlester Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, gray, with "Upper Hartshorne coal" 1 to 50 feet above base, 500 to 600 feet thick; overlain by dark-gray shale with many buff fine-grained sandstones, 595 to 1,030 feet thick; overlain by dark-gray shale, 300 to 925 feet thick, with "McAlester coal," 1 to 3 feet thick, a few feet above base. Total thickness ranges from 1,150 to 2,420 feet. (Lower Franks Conglomerate) McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, gray, illitic, chloritic, with many tan to gray sandstones, fine- to coarse-grained, micaceous, quartzose; "McAlester and Stigler coals" 600 to 800 feet or more below top; thickness, 2,000 to 2,830 feet, increasing eastward
Lithology: shale; sandstone; coal
Pitkin Limestone, Fayetteville Shale (including the Wedington Sandstone member), and Batesville Sandstone (including the Hindsville Limestone Member) (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian-Late [Chesterian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Pitkin Limestone, Fayetteville Shale (including the Wedington Sandstone member), and Batesville Sandstone (including the Hindsville Limestone Member)
Lithology: sandstone; shale; limestone
Missouri Mountain and Polk Creek Shales (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Late Silurian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, greenish-gray to maroon to black; grades into phyllite in Broken Bow Uplift; contains some thin sandstones and gray conglomerates; a fossiliferous limestone occurs in Southeast quarter section 29, Township 4 South, Range 23 East; mapped as SmOp in Potato Hills, where it is included with Polk Creek Shale; thickness, 60 to 110 feet or less. Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: shale; phyllite; sandstone; conglomerate; limestone
Douglas Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late [Virgilian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Lawrence FM (base LA)- mostly gray shale and sandstone with minor red shale, coal, gray limestone and conglomerate, thickness ranges from 140ft to 250 ft. Stranger FM- five members containing sandstone, shale, and minor limestone, coal and conglomerate ranging from 100 ft. to 180 ft. thickness.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; coal; limestone; conglomerate
Johns Valley Formation or Johns Valley Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Johns Valley Formation"- Shale, dark-gray, with boulder conglomerate; thickness, 425 to 900 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Johns Valley Shale"- Shale, dark-gray, with some stringers of Wapanucka-like limestone in northwestern part of area; contains exotic boulders of southern Arbuckle Mountain facies, ranging from Fort Sill to Goddard and as large as 369 feet in diameter; some Wapanucka nodules are not exotic but were formed in place; thickness, 300 to 1,000 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS SOUTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT.
Lithology: shale; conglomerate; limestone
Eolian deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes dune sand and silt and Peoria Loess
Lithology: dune sand; silt; loess
Bluejacket Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Bluejacket Sandstone," IPbj, sandstone, at base, of Boggy FM, 8 to 12 feet thick, with 2-foot "Secor coal" 50 feet above top of Bluejacket. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sandstone, tan, fine- to coarse-grained, micaceous, quartzose, moderately to well-indurated; erodes into a mappable escarpment; thickness, 12 to 266 feet, increasing eastward.
Lithology: sandstone; coal
Dakota Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
CIMARRON- Buff to light-brown, fine- to medium-grained, thin bedded to massive sandstone with interbedded shales.
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Rush Springs Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 4 % of this area
WOODWARD- Orange-brown fine-grained sandstone, commonly crossbedded, with some interbedded red-brown shale, silty shale, and gypsum beds. In southern part of area, about 30 feet below top is a thin massive gypsum bed ("Weatherford Bed" or "One Horse Bed"), not mapped here. About 100 feet lower is another thin gypsum bed ("Old Crow Bed") not mapped here. Thickness is about 190 feet in southern part and 90 feet near Kansas border, with top eroded in many places. CLINTON- "Rush Springs Formation," Pr, orange-brown, cross-bedded, fine-grained sandstone with some dolomite and gypsum beds. Thickness, about 300 feet, thinning northward to about 186 feet. LAWTON- "Rush Springs Formation," Pr, very fine-grained, cross-bedded sandstone, 136 to 300 feet (41 to 90 m) thick. The "Weatherford Gypsum Bed," Prw, contains gypsum and dolomite and is as much as 60 feet (18 m) thick in the upper part of the Rush Springs. (Whitehorse Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, orange-brown, fine- to medium-grained, moderately indurated, with "Weatherford Gypsum Bed," Prw, 2 to 15 feet thick, near top. Thickness, about 280 feet, top eroded (Whitehorse Group)
Lithology: sandstone; evaporite; dolostone (dolomite); shale
Chanute Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
ENID- Mainly fine-grained micaceous sandstone and coarse-grained, crossbedded sandstone separated by shale. Locally Chanute contains thin coal seams. Thickness ranges from about 10 to 150 feet (3 to 45 m). TULSA- Thin- to thick-bedded, fine- to coarse-grained sandstone and shale. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly fine- to medium-grained sandstone 3 to 20 feet thick, overlain by shale 20 to 80 feet thick. Total thickness ranges from about 25 to 90 feet.
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Wetumka Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly sandy, silty, laminated shale 100 to 200 feet thick FORT SMITH- Shale, minor sandstones, and minor limestones. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, blue-gray, with some sandstones and siltstones; thickness, 120 to 250 feet
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone; limestone
Weno Clay and Soper Limestone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Weno Clay", clay and shale, brownish-gray, with selenite gypsum; interbedded with red- to yellow-brown fine-grained sandstones; thickness, 30 to 53 feet. "Soper Limestone" at base, limestone, gray-brown to red-brown, compact, fossiliferous, with "Rastellum carinatum;" thickness, 1 to 2 feet.
Lithology: mudstone; sandstone; limestone; evaporite
Oolagah Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area
TULSA- Thin-bedded limestone and some shale in the southern part of the area. North of Oolagah, in western Rogers County, the map unit, IPol, includes the following formations: "Altamont Formation," limestone and minor shale; "Bandera Formation," shale and thin sandstone; "Pawnee Formation," limestone and minor shale.
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone
Elm Fork Member of Blaine Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
LAWTON- "Elm Fork Member," Pbe, of the Blaine Formation contains 3 dolomite-gypsum sequences with a total thickness of 80 to 110 feet (24 to 34 m).
Lithology: dolostone (dolomite); evaporite
Kindblade Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, fine-grained, gradational eastward into tan fine- to coarse-grained dolomite; some tan to gray sandstone and shale; thickness, 1,875 to 3,000 feet, decreasing eastward. (Arbuckle Group) Individual Fm description not found. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite); sandstone; shale
Labette Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
TULSA- Shale and thin sandstone and limestone.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Hennessey Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
CLINTON- Reddish-brown shale with some thin, greenish-gray siltstone and orange-brown sandstone and siltstone beds; thickness, about 500 feet. The "Hennessey Group" is not subdivided in the southern part of the Clinton quadrangle; in the northeastern corner of the quadrangle, the upper part of the "Bison Formation," Pbi, is exposed as orange-brown and greenish-gray, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone. The Bison is gradational southward into reddish-brown shale; it thins southward and is about 120 feet thick. LAWTON- "Hennessey Group," Phy, reddish-brown to gray shale with some tan sandstones, 130 to 200 feet (40 to 60 m) thick (locally unconformable on Cambrian igneous rocks).
Lithology: shale; siltstone; sandstone
Cedar Hill Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area
WOODWARD- Orange-brown to greenish-gray fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, with some red-brown shale. Thickness ranges up to 180 feet, with more sandstone to the north and more shale to the south. ENID- Mainly orange-brown, fine-grained quartzose sandstone. Thickness about 180 feet (55 m). (El Reno Group) CLINTON- "Cedar Hill Sandstone," Pch, greenish-gray sandstone and reddish-brown shales; thickness, about 180 feet; gradational southward into Duncan Sandstone. OKLAHOMA CITY- Lenticular beds of orange-brown fine-grained sandstone and red-brown shale; lower part grades southward into "Duncan Sandstone". "Piedmont Sandstone Bed" at base. Thickness, 180 feet (only lower 80 feet exposed in mapped area). (El Reno Group)
Lithology: sandstone; shale; siltstone
Hogshooter Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- Limestone and some shale. (Mapped with the Nellie Bly Formation south of Bartlesville)
Lithology: limestone; shale
Kiamichi Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early [Comanchean]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Kiamichi Formation
Lithology: clay or mud; limestone; sandstone
Wapanucka Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, fine-grained to oolitic. Mapped separately along Lawrence uplift as IPwal, 30 to 75 feet thick with gray shale, IPwas, below, about 160 feet thick. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone
Caddo Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN-Limestones, marls, and shales; 150 feet thick. Subdivided into "Fort Worth Limestone" at top and "Duck Creek Limestone" below. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Limestones, white to cream, silty, alternating with gray shales, with "Texigryphaea washitaensis;" 7-foot bed at top (Fort Worth equivalent) and blue-gray silty shales and limestones below with "Texigryphaea navia" (Duck Creek equivalent); thickness, 150 feet. Ouachita Mountain uplift; S. OK folded belt province
Lithology: limestone; shale
Holly Creek Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, composed mostly of quartz and novaculite, with clay and silt, tan to red-brown; unconformable on Ouachita rocks; thickness, 30 to 100 feet, thickening to 1,070 feet in subsurface of southern McCurtain County
Lithology: conglomerate; mudstone; siltstone
Dewey Formation or Dewey Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ENID- "Dewey Limestone"- Mainly medium-crystalline limestone and shale. Thickness ranges from 0 to 60 feet (0 to 18 m). TULSA- "Dewey Formation"- Limestone and some shale. (Mapped with the Chanute formation south of Bartlesville) OKLAHOMA CITY- "Dewey Limestone"- Mainly sandy limestone or calcareous sandstone containing limestone lenses 1.5 to 20 feet thick, overlain by shale 5 to 50 feet thick. Total thickness ranges from 20 to 60 feet.
Lithology: limestone; sandstone; shale
Holdenville and Lenapah Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- "Holdenville Formation," shale and minor sandstone and limestone. "Lenapah Formation", limestone and shale. (Map unit only in Tulsa County)
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Nowata Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
TULSA- Shale and minor sandstone and limestone.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Unknown (Unknown) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Lithology: indeterminate
Whitehorse Group, undivided (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Guadalupe]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Whitehorse Group, undivided
Lithology: sandstone; shale; evaporite
Union Valley Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray, fine- to medium-grained, IPul, 12 to 25 feet thick; with sandstone, IPus, below, fine- to medium-grained, about 150 to 260 feet thick. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone
Blackwater Draw Formation (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Blackwater Draw Formation
Lithology: sand; silt; clay or mud
Mesozoic rocks undifferentiated (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Triassic-Early Triassic-Middle(?) Triassic-Late(?) Jurassic(?) Cretaceous-Early(?) Cretaceous-Middle(?) Cretaceous-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TEXAS- Red shale containing thin layers of yellow and gray clay and indistinctly bedded fine-grained buff, red, white, and gray sandstone. May include beds of Cretaceous, Jurassic, and Triassic ages. Their exposed thickness is less than 100 feet.
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Savanna Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late [Des Moinesian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Savanna Formation
Lithology: shale; sandstone; coal
Wann and Iola Formations or Iola Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area
ENID- "Wann Formation" consists of shale and fine- to medium-grained sandstone with many thin layers of fossiliferous limestone. Thickness ranges from 50 to 400 feet (15 to 122 m). "Iola Limestone" is mainly limestone, calcareous sandstone, and shale and underlies Wann. Thickness ranges 4 to 100 feet (1 to 30 m). TULSA- "Wann Formation," shale with thin sandstone and limestone. "Iola Formation," limestone and shale. OKLAHOMA CITY- "Wann Formation," shale and fine- to medium-grained sandstone; thickness, 40 to 180 feet. Underlying "Iola Limestone," mainly fine-grained calcareous sandstone and limestone with some shale; thickness, 15 to 20 feet.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
McAlester Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Des Moinesian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McAlester Formation
Lithology: shale; sandstone; coal
dune sand sheet deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
dune sand sheet deposits
Lithology: sand; silt
Bigfork Chert (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray, and dark-gray to black chert; thickness, 575 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Chert, dark-gray to black, with interbedded graptolitic black shales and fossiliferous gray to black cherty limestones; contains asphaltite seams; erodes into a mappable escarpment; thickness, 600 to 800 feet. (Same as Viola Limestone in Arbuckle Mountains.) Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: chert; limestone; shale
Sumner Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Cimarronian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Ninnescah Shale (base N)- mostly red silty shale with some gray shale , argillaceous limestone and dolomite. Wellington FM with Carlton Limestone Member (base CR)-mostly gray and some red shale with minor limestone and dolomite, siltstone, gypsum and anhydrite
Lithology: shale; limestone; siltstone; dolostone (dolomite); evaporite
Purcell Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown to maroon fine- to coarse-grained sandstone, mudstone conglomerate, and red- brown shale. Thickness, 150 feet. (Hennessey Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, red-brown to maroon and greenish-gray, fine- to coarse-grained, with some shale and mudstone conglomerate; thickness, 90 to 150 feet, decreasing southward. (Hennessey Group).
Lithology: sandstone; shale; conglomerate
West Spring Creek Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, fine-grained, gradational eastward into tan fine- to coarse-grained dolomite; some tan to gray sandstone and shale; thickness, 1,875 to 3,000 feet, decreasing eastward. (Arbuckle Group) Individual Fm description not found Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite); sandstone; shale
Raggedy Mountain Gabbro Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
LAWTON- Gabbro, anorthosite, and diorite; thickness, as much as 10,000 feet (3,000 m).
Lithology: gabbro; anorthosite; diorite
Wapanucka Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, fine-grained to oolitic. Mapped separately along Lawrence uplift as IPwal, 30 to 75 feet thick with gray shale, IPwas, below, about 160 feet thick. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone
Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Alluvium - Alluvial deposits of present streams
Lithology: alluvium
Boone Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian-Early [Meramecian Osagean]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Boone Formation
Lithology: limestone; chert; shale
Permian rocks undifferentiated (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
TEXAS- Red to dark reddish-brown shale, sandstone, and siltstone. Gypsum occurs in all rock units as a cementing agent, as tiny flakes, as thin irregular veinlets, and as discontinuous beds ranging from less than an inch to more than 30 feet thick. Maximum thickness exceeds 2,000 feet. BEAVER- Red shale, sandstone, and siltstone, are predominant rocks with lesser amounts of limestone, dolomite, gypsum, and salt. The undifferentiated Permian rocks include the Whitehorse Group, the Cloud Chief Formation, and the Quartermaster Formation; also included are local outcrops in the southwestern part of the county, which maybe Triassic in age, 3,800 feet thick
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone; limestone; dolostone (dolomite); evaporite
Basalt (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Tertiary | Pliocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CIMARRON- Dark, dense to vesicular volcanic rock 50 to 85 +/- feet thick forming cap rock of Black Mesa.
Lithology: basalt
Purgatoire Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CIMARRON- Kiowa Shale Member: Gray to black fossiliferous shale with sandstone in the upper part. Thickness ranges from 0 to 50 +/- feet. Cheyenne Sandstone Member: Massive, white to buff, fine- to medium-grained sandstone, containing some conglomerate in the lower part, from 0 to 120 +/- feet thick.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; conglomerate
Dexter Member of Woodbine Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- sandstone, shale, and lignite, moderately to weakly indurated, about 100 feet thick.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; coal
Collier Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Furongian Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale and phyllite, dark-gray to black, with much limestone, some granitic and arkosic pebbles, many quartz and orthoclase pegmatities, and some galena and sphalerite; contains Lower Ordovician conodonts; base covered; exposed thickness, 200 feet. Viersen and Cochran's 25-1 Weyerhaeuser well (9-8-70), spudded in upper Collier to total depth of 10,019 feet in Southeast quarter of Northwest quarter of section 25, Township 5 South, Range 23 East, penetrated dark-gray to black phyllites, quartzites, and dolomitic marble without reaching basement (Goldstein, 1975). Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: shale; phyllite; limestone
Morrowan-Atokan (?) rocks undifferentiated (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale and sandstone, gray to brown, fine- to coarse-grained; thickness, 5,000 to 9,000 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Diorite Sill (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Late(?)) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Diorite, light-greenish-gray, medium- to fine-grained, quartz-free, with much andesine plagioclase and ferromagnesian minerals altered to chlorite and limonite; occurs in sections 10 and 15, Township 5 South, Range 23 East, in Womble Formation, striking North, 45 degrees East and dipping 10 degrees to 20 degrees Northwest; thickness, 2 to 10 feet. Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: diorite
Lynn Mountain Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers 1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, gray to tan, with many fine- to coarse-grained, quartzose, micaceous sandstone with many bottom markings; top eroded; thickness, 3,000 to 7,000 feet or more; unconformable upon Goddard, Delaware Creek, Woodford, and older beds that are exposed north and west of Ti Valley Fault. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Guadalupia Series: Big Basin Formation, Day Creek Dolomite, and Whitehorse Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Custerian Cimarronian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Big Basin FM- red silty shale, siltstone, dolomitic siltstone and fine-grained feldspathic sandstone. Day Creek Dolomite- light gray to pink, dense, fine-grained dolomite. Whitehorse FM- mostly red beds of feldspathic sandstone with some beds of siltstone and shale and minor dolomite.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; siltstone; dolostone (dolomite)
Cherokee Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early [Desmoinesian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes: Cabaniss FM (base CA) with Verdigris Limestone Member (base V) and Mineral coal bed (base MC), Krebs FM with Bluejacket Sandstone Member (base BJ) and Warner Sandstone Member (base WR).
Lithology: sandstone; shale; limestone; coal
Limestone Gap (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale and sandstone, gray to tan, illitic, chloritic, micaceous, quartzose, fine- to coarse-grained, moderately to well-indurated, with some ironstone concretions and many bottom marks; thickness, approximately 1,000 feet, pinching out in subsurface near Ti Valley Fault. Fault. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS NORTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT.
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Wapanucka Formation and Chickachoc Chert (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to brown, spicular, granular to oolitic; alternates with gray shale and calcareous sandstone; thickness, 270 to 720 feet. Chert content increases southeastward. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS McALESTER TEXARKANA- Limestone, gray to brown, oolitic to granular, with sponge-spicular chert in middle 50 to 114 feet with overlying and underlying calcareous sandstones and shales; thickness, 600 to 700 feet, pinching out in subsurface near Ti Valley Fault. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS, NORTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT.
Lithology: limestone; sandstone; shale; chert
Colbert Porphyry (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Rhyolite porphyry, red-brown, flow-banded; thickness, 7,500 feet. Probably rests on 7,500 feet of metasedimentary and basaltic rocks in geosynclinal province of western Arbuckle Mountains. (525 million years old) Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: rhyolite
Verden Sandstone Lentil of Marlow Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CLINTON- The "Verden Sandstone Lentil," Pmv, is a coarse-grained, calcareous, fossiliferous sandstone (2 to 10 feet thick) that occurs in the middle of the Marlow, about 25 feet below the Relay Creek Bed and 85 to 95 feet above the base. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Verden Sandstone Lentil," Pmv, sandstone, 10 feet thick near middle of Marlow Formation
Lithology: sandstone
Templeton Member of Woodbine Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- indurated sandstone and shale, about 75 feet thick, erodes to an escarpment; (Woodbine Formation)
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Pitkin + Fayetteville + Hindsville + Moorefield Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian-Late) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
FORT SMITH- Mp "Pitkin Formation," limestone; "Fayetteville Formation," shale and limestone; "Hindsville Formation," limestone and shale; and "Moorefield Formation," limestone.
Lithology: limestone; shale
Fort Worth Limestone and Duck Creek Formation, undivided (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Fort Worth Limestone and Duck Creek Formation, undivided
Lithology: limestone; mudstone; clay or mud
Savanna and McAlester Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
FORT SMITH- IPsm "Savanna" and "McAlester Formations" (undifferentiated; T. 15 N., Rs. 18, 19 E.), shale and minor sandstones
Lithology: shale; sandstone; coal
Atoka Formation - Lower part (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Atokan]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Atoka Formation - Lower part
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Ogallala Formation (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Tertiary | Pliocene Miocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Ogallala Formation
Lithology: sand; silt; clay or mud; gravel; carbonate
Bloyd and Hale Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
TULSA- "Bloyd Formation," limestone and shale. "Hale Formation," limestone and sandstone. FORT SMITH- IPbh "Bloyd Formation," shale and limestone; and "Hale Formation," limestone and sandstone.
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone
Undifferentiated, Mississisippian, Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early Ordovician-Middle(?) Ordovician-Late(?) Silurian(?) Devonian(?) Carboniferous Mississippian-Early(?) Mississippian-Middle(?) Mississippian-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
FORT SMITH- Mississisippian, Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician Rocks, Undifferentiated Mississippian and Devonian. "Chattanooga Shale," shale. Devonian. "Sallisaw Formation," limestone, sandstone, and chert; and "Frisco Formation," limestone. Silurian. "Quarry Mountain Formation," limestone; "Tenkiller Formation," limestone; and "Blackgum Formation," limestone and dolomite. Ordovician. "Sylvan Shale," shale; "Fernvale Limestone," limestone; "Fite Limestone," limestone; "Tyner Formation," shale, sandstone, dolomite, and limestone; "Burgen Sandstone," sandstone and minor shales and limestones; and "Cotter Dolomite," dolomite.
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone; dolostone (dolomite); chert
Savanna + McAlester + Hartshorne + Atoka Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- "Savanna, McAlester, Hartshorne, and Atoka Formations," shale, sandstone, siltstone, limestone, and coal.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone; limestone; coal
Dockum Group (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Triassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Red sandstone, siltstone, and local limestone
Lithology: sandstone; siltstone; limestone
El Reno Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
CLINTON- Primarily evaporites and reddish-brown shale, with deltaic clastics to the southeast. Where separate formations have not been distinguished, the "El Reno Group" is mapped as Per; El Reno Group. Includes: "Dog Creek Shale," Pdc, reddish-brown shale with thin beds of siltstone and dolomite; thickness, about 220 feet; gradational eastward into the Chickasha Formation. "Blaine Formation," Pb, 3 to 4 gypsum and dolomite beds, about 100 to 200 feet thick, separated by reddish-brown shale. Gradational southward and eastward into Chickasha Formation. "Flowerpot Shale," Pf, reddish-brown shale containing several salt and gypsum beds in the upper part. Thickness, about 300 to 450 feet; gradational southward and eastward into Chickasha Formation and Duncan Sandstone. "Cedar Hill Sandstone," Pch, greenish-gray sandstone and reddish-brown shales; thickness, about 180 feet; gradational southward into Duncan Sandstone. "Chickasha Formation," Pc, reddish-brown to maroon mudstone conglomerate with some shale, silstone, and fine- to coarse-grained sandstone; thickness, about 600 feet; gradational northward and westward into the Flowerpot Shale and the Blaine Formation and westward into Dog Creek Shale. "Duncan Sandstone," Pd, light-gray and reddish-brown, cross-bedded, fine-grained sandstone and mudstone conglomerate with some interbedded yellowish-gray and reddish-brown shales; thickness, about 200 feet; gradational into the Cedar Hills Sandstone northward and into the Flowerpot Shale northward and westward. LAWTON- Primarily evaporites and reddish-brown shale, with deltaic clastics to the east. In the eastern part of the quadrangle, separate formations have not been distinguished, and the "El Reno Group" is mapped as Per; in the western part of the quadrangle, the group has been mapped as four separate formations. "El Reno Group undifferentiated," Per, in northeastern part of the quadrangle, includes "Chickasha Formation" sandstone, shale, and siltstone, 400 to 580 feet (120 to 180 m) thick-and underlying "Duncan Sandstone" (equivalent to San Angelo Sandstone)-sandstone with some shale, 100 to 250 feet (30 to 76 m) thick.
Lithology: shale; evaporite; dolostone (dolomite); sandstone; siltstone; conglomerate
Admire Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes: Grenola Limestone, Roca Shale, Red Eagle Limestone (base RE), Johnson Shale, Foraker Limestone (base FO), Janesville Shale with Five Point Limestone Member (base FP), Falls City Limestone, and Onaga Shale.
Lithology: shale; limestone; coal
Pine Top Chert (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Devonian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Limestone, chert, and cherty limestone, gray to light-gray to tan to white and pink; contains Haragan brachiopods; at top is an 8-foot chert conglomerate; base not exposed; thickness, 60 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MTNS NORTH OF TI VALLEY FAULT
Lithology: limestone; chert; conglomerate
Ogallala Fm (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Loose to well-cemented sand and gravel
Lithology: sandstone; conglomerate
Red Branch Member of Woodbine Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- indurated sandstone, shale, and lignite, about 75 feet thick, erodes to an escarpment; and basal Dexter Member.
Lithology: sandstone; shale; coal
Carlton Rhyolite Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CLINTON- Rhyolite flows and tuffs; about 4,500 feet thick; one outlier is shown in southern part of mapped area. LAWTON- Rhyolite flows, tuffs, conglomerate beds, and diabase sills; thickness, 4,500 feet (1,370 m).
Lithology: rhyolite; conglomerate; diorite
Morrison Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Jurassic-Late ) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area
CIMARRON- Varicolored fine-grained sandstone, limestone, dolomite, shale, and conglomerate 0 to 470 +/- feet thick.
Lithology: sandstone; limestone; dolostone (dolomite); shale; conglomerate
DeQueen Limestone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Limestone and marl, blue- to pinkish- to yellowish-gray, locally siliceous, interbedded with varicolored calcareous shales; basal limestone conglomerate in places where unconformable upon Ouachita rocks but absent where conformable on Holly Creek Formation; contains 80 feet of gypsum and anhydrite in subsurface; thickness, 38 feet, lensing out to 1 foot westward but thickening to 190 feet southeastward in subsurface.
Lithology: limestone; shale; conglomerate; evaporite
Polk Creek Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, black; thickness, 175 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale and phyllite, dark-gray to black, with some chert nodules; contains many graptolites; thickness, 75 to 140 feet. (Same as Sylvan Shale in Arbuckle Mountains.) Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: shale; phyllite
Post Oak Conglomerate (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area
LAWTON- "Post Oak Conglomerate," Ppo, limestone conglomerate near limestone outcrops; contains zeolite-opal ("Tepee Creek Formation") locally, near gabbro and anorthosite outcrops; arkosic gravel and cobbles near igneous outcrops. These rock types are interbedded with sand, silt, clay, and shale, as much as 500 feet (150 m) thick at surface but several thousand feet thick in subsurface, extending down section into Pennsylvanian rocks.
Lithology: conglomerate; sandstone; siltstone; shale
Exeter (Entrada) Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Jurassic-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CIMARRON- Massive, white to buff, fine- to medium-grained sandstone 0 to 50 +/- feet thick.
Lithology: sandstone
Mazarn Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale and phyllite, dark-gray to black, micaceous; estimated thickness, 1,000 feet, with maximum thickness in Arkansas 3,000 feet. Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: shale; phyllite
Whitehorse Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian ) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area
CLINTON- Predominantly orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone, the "Whitehorse Group" is mapped as Pwh where separate formations have not been distinguished and as the "Rush Springs Formation" and the "Marlow Formation" where identified. "Rush Springs Formation," Pr, orange-brown, cross-bedded, fine-grained sandstone with some dolomite and gypsum beds. Thickness, about 300 feet, thinning northward to about 186 feet. The "Weatherford Gypsum Bed," Prw, is about 30 to 60 feet below the top (mapped in southeastern part only). "Marlow Formation," Pm, orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, about 100 to 130 feet thick, thinning northward. This formation has 2 gypsum and (or) dolomite beds in upper 20 feet--the "Emanuel Bed" (at top) and the "Relay Creek Bed" (20 feet below top). Two thin, pale shales occur; the first is 1 foot below the top ("Gracemont") and the second is 55 feet above the base (unnamed). The "Verden Sandstone Lentil," Pmv, is a coarse-grained, calcareous, fossiliferous sandstone (2 to 10 feet thick) that occurs in the middle of the Marlow, about 25 feet below the Relay Creek Bed and 85 to 95 feet above the base. LAWTON- Predominantly orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone, the "Whitehorse Group" is mapped as Pwh where separate formations have not been distinguished and as the "Rush Springs Formation" and the "Marlow Formation" where identified. "Whitehorse Group undifferentiated," Pwh, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone as much as 100 feet (30 m) thick in western part of quadrangle, interbedded with gypsum beds 3 to 10 feet (1 to 3 m) thick.
Lithology: sandstone; siltstone; dolostone (dolomite); evaporite; shale
Blakely Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sandstone, gray to brown, fine- to coarse-grained, quartzose, micaceous; grades into beds above, with sharp quartzitic contact below; thickness, 10 to 15 feet, with maximum thickness in Arkansas 400 feet. Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: sandstone
Atoka Formation - Upper part (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Atokan]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Atoka Formation - Upper part
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Wapanucka Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Limestone, gray to tan, fine-grained to oolitic. Mapped separately along Lawrence uplift as IPwal, 30 to 75 feet thick with gray shale, IPwas, below, about 160 feet thick. Occurs in the ARBUCKLE MTNS
Lithology: limestone; shale
Harthshorne Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Des Moinesian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Harthshorne Sandstone
Lithology: sandstone; shale; coal
Colorado Group (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CIMARRON- includes: Greenhorn Limestone: Gray fossiliferous limestone and calcareous shale. Graneros Shale: Dark-gray shale.
Lithology: limestone; shale
Ozan Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Marl and clay, light- to dark- to brownish-gray, micaceous, calcareous, sandy, fine-grained sand, with interbedded chalky limestone; glauconitic marl and sand at base; same as lower Taylor Marl of Texas; thickness, about 100 feet.
Lithology: carbonate; clay or mud; sand; limestone
Stanley Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Stanley Shale - Includes Chickasaw Creek Chert equivalent of Harlton (1938) near top and Hatton Tuff Lentil and Hot Springs Sandstone Member near base
Lithology: shale; sandstone; siltstone; chert; tuff
Atoka, Bloyd and Hale Formations Undifferentiated (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
FORT SMITH- IPu Undifferentiated. Atoka, Bloyd, and Hale Formations. IPat "Atoka Formation," shale and sandstone, IPbh "Bloyd Formation," shale and limestone; and "Hale Formation," limestone and sandstone.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Dakota Sandstone and Purgatoire Fm (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Sandstone and shale
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Missouri Mountain Shale (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Silurian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, greenish-gray to maroon to black; grades into phyllite in Broken Bow Uplift; contains some thin sandstones and gray conglomerates; a fossiliferous limestone occurs in Southeast quarter section 29, Township 4 South, Range 23 East; mapped as SmOp in Potato Hills, where it is included with Polk Creek Shale; thickness, 60 to 110 feet or less. Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: shale; phyllite; sandstone; conglomerate; limestone
Pawpaw Sandstone and McNutt Limestone (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- "Pawpaw Sandstone," sandstone, yellowish- to reddish-gray, fine-grained, with gray to reddish-purple sandy clay; thickness, 35 feet. "McNutt Limestone" at base, limestone, grayish-brown, arenaceous, with "Rastellum quadriplicatum;" thickness, 2 to 3 feet.
Lithology: sandstone; limestone
Denton Clay (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Clay and shale, blue- to brownish-gray, and marly, fossiliferous limestone with "Texigryphaea washitaensis;" thickness, 45 to 65 feet.
Lithology: mudstone; limestone
Meramecian and Osagian Series: Warsaw Limestone and Keokuk Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian [Osagian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Warsaw Limestone- semigranular limestone interlaminated with saccharoidal dolomite with large amounts of gray chert; glauconite occurrs in the lower part. Keokuk Limestone- white tripolitic, chert, siliceous limestone, and dolomite
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite); chert
Wabaunsee Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late [Virgilian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes: Wood Siding FM, Root Shale, Stotler Limestone (base ST), Pillsbury Shale, Zeandale Limestone (base Z), Willard Shale, Emporia Limestone (base E), Auburn Shale, Bern Limestone (base BR), Scranton Shale, Howard Limestone (base H), and Severy Shale.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Mississippian Rocks above Chattanooga Shale Undifferentiated (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
FORT SMITH- Mu- Undifferentiated Mississippian Rocks above Chattanooga Shale. Includes: Pitkin, Fayetteville, Hindsville, Moorefield, Keokuk and Reeds Spring Formations, and St. Joe Group.
Lithology: limestone; shale; chert; carbonate
Jackfork Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early [Morrowan]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Jackfork Sandstone
Lithology: sandstone; shale
Antlers Sand (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Antlers Sand
Lithology: sand; clay or mud; conglomerate; sandstone; claystone
Blaylock Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Silurian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sandstone, greenish-gray, fine grained, well indurated, alternating with dark-gray to brown phyllites and shales in lower 100 feet; occurs only in Broken Bow Uplift and adjacent area; thickness, 670 to 804 feet, with maximum thickness in Arkansas 1,500 feet. Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: sandstone; shale; phyllite
Arkansas Novaculite (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Devonian-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, black, cherty, with much novaculite; thickness, 230 to375 feet. Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS
Lithology: shale; novaculite
Eagle Ford Formation (Phanerozoic | Mesozoic | Cretaceous-Late ) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, dark-gray, plastic; thickness, about 50 feet; top eroded.
Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone
Marmaton Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early [Desmoinesian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Includes: Lost Branch FM, Memorial Shale, Lenapah Limestone (base LE), Nowata Shale, Altamont Limestone (base PA), Bandera Shale, Pawnee Limestone (base PA), Labette Shale and Fort Scott Limestone.
Lithology: shale; limestone; sandstone; coal
Crystal Mountain Sandstone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
McALESTER TEXARKANA- Sandstone, pink to light-gray to dark-gray, fine- to coarse-grained, quartzose, with well-rounded, frosted grains, quartzitic, fractured in many places, with many quartz and orthoclase veins; 14-foot chert- and limestone-pebble conglomerate occurs at base; thickness, 500 feet or more, with maximum thickness in Arkansas 850 feet (called Lower Cool Creek in Arbuckle Mountains and Roubidoux Sandstone in Ozarks). Occurs in POTATO HILLS, BROKEN BOW UPLIFT or ADJACENT SMALLER UPLIFTS IN SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OUACHITA MOUNTAINS
Lithology: sandstone; conglomerate
Spavinaw Granite (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
TULSA- no description given
Lithology: granite; rhyolite
Viola Limestone and Bromide Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Ordovician-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CLINTON- Limestone, limestone and shale interbedded, and sandstone; thickness, about 900 feet; one outlier is shown in southern part of quadrangle. Simpson and lower units are covered. LAWTON- Limestone, interbedded limestone and shale, and sandstone; thickness about 900 feet (270 m), faulted in isolated areas, top eroded, base covered.
Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone
Morrowan rocks undifferentiated (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale and sandstone, gray to brown, fine- to coarse- grained;estimated thickness, 3,000 feet Occurs in the OUACHITA MNTS.
Lithology: shale; sandstone
Arbuckle Group and Timbered Hills Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Cambrian-Furongian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
CLINTON- Limestone and dolomite; one outlier at southern end of quadrangle, about 1,200 feet thick.
Lithology: limestone; dolostone (dolomite)
Cane Hill Member of Hale Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Early [Morrowan]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Cane Hill Member of Hale Formation
Lithology: sandstone; siltstone; conglomerate

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